According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Russians have become less likely to drink alcohol - both industrial and manufactured at home.
According to the WHO, Russia can become an example for many other European countries in implementing policies to reduce alcohol consumption. "Reducing the consumption of alcoholic beverages, which occurred in Russia in recent years, is one of the most important results for us in this region. In the future, we would like to make the experience of the Russian Federation available to other countries with similar challenges, "said Karina Ferreira-Borges, head of the WHO European Office's program on the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases.
So, according to WHO, in 2016 the level of alcohol consumption in Russia was 11.1 liters of alcohol per person per year. This is at least 27 years (in 1991 - 12.2, peak consumption, according to WHO, fell in 2006 - 17.1 liters). Note that the WHO statistics includes data on both official sales and production (registered consumption), as well as domestic, unofficially (legally or illegally) produced and smuggled alcoholic beverages, as well as statistics on alcohol surrogates. Such a decrease, according to the WHO expert, is the result of a competent anti-alcohol policy.
Recall, the first measures to reduce the consumption of alcoholic beverages in Russia appeared in 2005, then their number grew almost every year. Their main goals were to limit the availability of both alcohol and information about it, as well as tougher penalties for drunk driving. "The most effective ones are raising the price of alcoholic beverages, limiting the availability of alcohol by, for example, raising the minimum age for officially authorized alcohol consumption or restricting sales in certain places or at certain times of the day, as well as reducing the impact of advertising," says Ms. Ferreira -Bourgeois. In her opinion, the economic effectiveness of these measures is also important: they do not require large financing from the budget, on the contrary, they themselves bring revenue to the state. "There are other effective measures to reduce alcohol consumption, but their implementation requires a lot of effort and effort: for example, the introduction and strict implementation of effective measures to control drunk driving," the expert notes.
The Russian government, apparently, plans to continue the fight against alcohol consumption: the Ministry of Health has already called one of its priorities in 2018 the spread among Russians a commitment to a healthy lifestyle, including by limiting the availability of alcoholic beverages. Similar proposals aimed at further limiting the time of sales and increasing the price per liter of alcohol were developed by experts of the Center for Strategic Research Alexei Kudrin.